Gluten-free and vegan Croissant recipe, with Quinoa flour
Serving size for 10 Croissants
- 220g Corn starch
- 60g Very fine brown rice flour
- 20g Potato starch
- 10g Tapioca starch
- 5g Quinoa flour
- 30g Caster sugar
- 4g Fine salt
- 55g Angel Mix
- 230g Cold water from the fridge
- 15g Sunflower oil (or other neutral-tasting oil)
To browse :
- 140g Margarine for puff pastry (see notes)
To work the dough:
- Rice starch or tapioca starch, avoid rice flour or other.
Gather all the "Solids" in the mixer bowl and start it at low speed with the "hook" or with the "leaf".
Slowly pour in the "Liquids" and continue to work for about ten minutes, switching to medium-high speed and cleaning the sides of the bowl from time to time and with the machine stopped, using a spatula and returning the dough to the centre.
In the meantime form a rectangle with the margarine, bringing it to a thickness of about 1cm. It doesn't need to be an extremely precise rectangle, just that the thickness is uniform. If you are using a NON-professional margarine or the room temperature is particularly high, it may be helpful to leave the margarine in the freezer for 3/4 minutes.
Pour the dough on the table, and using the rice starch as a dusting, create a narrow and long rectangle, enough to insert the "stick" of margarine and cover it. It is the classic way to collect the fatty part in a dough for puff pastry or croissants.
Give two rounds of three to a thickness of 7/8mm, without pausing between one round and the next and trying not to use too much rice starch as a dusting, and in this case be careful to brush off the excess. If you're unsure how to do this, you can check out our video on the Angel Food YouTube channel, or any other video about rolling puff pastry - there are literally thousands of them on the internet.
Roll out a rectangle with the long side of max 46/48cm, but this time at a thickness of 5/6mm. Cut 5 rectangles with a 9cm short side and cut two croissants from each one, cutting the rectangle lengthwise from one corner to the other. This will make a total of 10 croissants.
Do not throw away any scraps of dough, but divide them in the center of each croissant before rolling it up. Spray the surface of the triangle with water and roll up, loosely, to form a classic croissant, leaving the tip underneath when you place it on the baking sheet.
Cover with a bag previously brushed with oil or non-stick spray and leave to rise at a temperature of 42°C for around 90 minutes, or at least until the volume has tripled.
Preheat the oven to 180°C, remove the pan from the bag and bake for around 23 minutes or until golden brown.
Leave to cool on a wire rack, and once cold, move to the freezer. Croissants can be stored at room temperature for about three days.
It is important that the margarine and the stick have the same "density": the margarine must not be too cold, or it will tear the dough during processing, making the preparation unusable.
The final product will have a slightly sweet taste, almost tending towards neutral, so that it can also be combined with particularly rich fillings without being cloying.
It is possible to decorate the surface of the croissant as desired, for example by adding sesame seeds, poppy seeds, granulated sugar, salt flakes, etc. You can find dozens of examples on our Instagram or Facebook profile.
To make the seeds adhere and further accentuate the browning of the product at the end of cooking, it is possible to brush the surface with milk (normal or delactosate), or with vegetable milk (rice, almond, etc.), or even just with some water. In the latter case the browning will be less accentuated, but the seeds will still adhere thanks to the caramelisation of the sugars on the surface.
It is possible to increase or decrease the quantity of margarine required for lamination, by 10%: by increasing the quantity of fat, the final product will be richer, but also heavier. By decreasing the quantity, the product will be lighter but also more "bready" and less flaky.
This recipe is not suitable for using butter for flaking. If you want to give a strong butter aroma to the product, there are three solutions: A) Use a margarine with anhydrous butter (max 15%). B) Brush the surface of the product with melted butter as soon as it is out of the oven. C) Replace recipe oil with same weight of liquid ghee.